Technological quantum leaps that propelled the upturn of Multi-Play businesses
Technological breakthroughs are now a common part of almost every industry. And the multi-play business is no exception. In order to stay in the game, every business needs to adopt and adapt to the latest developments in their field, else they run the risk of becoming obsolete.
Multi-play businesses must consider a number of factors when providing their services. And these factors must take into consideration each of the service offerings the business provides.
One of these factors is the technological advances made in the field and how they can use it to their advantage. There are various technological quantum leaps that have propelled the upturn of the multi-play business.
Let’s explore them in detail.
Technological Breakthroughs in The Multi-Play Business
Technological breakthroughs in the multi-play business are many and it’s important to understand them in detail in order to adapt your business to incorporate these.
Multiplexing is a technological breakthrough that has led to a revolution in the telecommunication sector. But what exactly is multiplexing? It’s the process of combining multiple signals into a single, complex signal over a shared medium.
Typically, it combines two bandwidth-intensive services, such as voice internet into a single signal. Multiplexing is usually used by mobile operators with trade names such as VoLTE(Voice over LTE). At the receiver end, the separate signals are identified and separated in a process known as demultiplexing.
Multiplexing enables multi-play businesses to communicate with other networks without having to dedicate resources for each signal separately, thus saving costs. There are various types of multiplexing- Time Division Multiplexing, Frequency Division Multiplexing, Wavelength Division Multiplexing, and Code Division Multiplexing.
Multiple Input Multiple Output (MIMO)
Multiple Input, Multiple Output (MIMO) uses multiple transmissions and antennas and exploits multi-path propagation. It’s an essential element of wireless communication standards such as the IEEE 802.11 and 4G LTE.
MIMO provides efficiency in terms of bandwidth and energy. The transmitted signals bounce off ceilings and walls and hit the receiving antenna at various angles, multiple times, thus increasing the signal-capturing power of the antennas.
The number of antennas is directly proportional to the speed of the signal. Thus, more antennas equal greater speeds. This technology is significantly superior to the Single Input Single Output (SISO) mechanism, that can receive just one signal at a time.
Legacy wireless devices are built on SISO technology and are not as efficient.
Wireless Ad hoc Network (WANET)
Wireless Ad hoc Networks are dynamic and self-configuring in nature. Each connected device in the network can change its connections to other devices frequently and act as a router, forwarding signals that are not it’s own.
These networks are free from the complexities of administration and infrastructure setup. Devices can create networks anytime, anywhere-” on the go”.
Based on their applications, WANET can be further classified into various types:
- Mobile Ad hoc Networks
- Smartphone Ad hoc Networks
- Vehicular Ad hoc Networks
Since the network is decentralized and the devices are mobile, there are no fixed-infrastructure costs. Failure rates are also low since there is no single base station and the data can be transmitted through multiple nodes. These networks are highly scalable and are very high on performance.
Software Defined Radio
Software Defined Radio( SDR) has been defined by the SDR Forum and IEEE as:
“Radio in which some or all of the physical layer functions are software-defined”.
It’s a communication system where traditional hardware components are actually implemented using software on an embedded system or a personal computer. This drives cost efficiency and provides flexibility for multi-play service providers.
Multi-play businesses can scale up and add new features to their existing infrastructure, without having to incur additional hardware expenditure to provide greater capabilities.
Dynamic Spectrum Management
The multi-play businesses have had to keep up with the ever-increasing demands for wireless networks, especially during the pandemic. With the introduction of 5G, the internet demand is only expected to grow in the near future. As a result, the wireless research community has had to come up with new innovations for spectrum management.
Ordinary copper phone lines can be used to achieve dynamic spectrum management, by reducing the near-far problem by getting rid of interference and cross-talk. DSM draws inspiration from the principles of machine learning and artificial intelligence.
The efficient utilization of each spectrum is the main goal of DSM. Wireless channels can be shared between licensed or unlicensed users, as long as there is no interference, based on real-time adjustments in the frequency. A vital component of 5G networks, DSM is still under active development.
Artificial intelligence is taking over every aspect of the digital world. And the multi-play businesses must reap its benefits. Powerful machine learning algorithms help improve antenna sensitivity and channel bandwidth, thus helping service providers operate more efficiently.
Machine learning trains deep neural networks to detect and classify signals in milliseconds, as opposed to the older more traditional methods. This significantly reduces the computational requirement and power consumption at the service provider’s end, while significantly improving the throughput and latency.
With the capability to dynamically change wireless parameters such as coding rate, symbol modulation, frequency band, and route selection on-the-fly, artificial intelligence in the form of the internet of things is the way forward for the future.
The pandemic has changed the way the world functions. There are many businesses that had to move online during the lockdown. Some of these businesses may never return to their former offline model, leading to an increase in digitization for the most part. Many platforms may be forced to consolidate into a single one, due to the changing needs of the users.
The technological breakthroughs that have enabled a revolution in multi-play offerings are what every service provider needs to adapt to stay afloat and to be able to keep up with the competition. New technologies are emerging every day, and multi-play businesses must keep track of and implement the ones that are going to be beneficial for their business requirements.